Muslim Music Series : Part 2 : Al - Farabi - Music Theoretician

zyryab brought the music to europe..but before that there was Farabi, writing music theory,inventing instruments and modifying existing ones… 

                                      

Learnt about Farabi from the Islamic studies textbook from grade 8or9? his name was on a list of muslim philosophers and brief descriptions on them but the the textbook failed to tell me he who really was. The textbook gave the impression that it was the Muslims who made discoveries in science while Europe was stuck in Dark Ages, while this is true to some extent, Europe was not a dead place during that time, The truth is that it was through this Muslim Scholars that the West got the writings of the early Greek Philosophers, and it was the Greek Philosophers who are the starters of many branches of philosophy. 

Islam Textbooks needs to be overhauled to give accurate, unbiased and unprejudiced information. presently islam textbooks only mentions muslim philosophers and scientists and not artists nor poets or writers and also fails to include women scientists, clerics and philosopers.

back to FarabiHe is the master theoretician on Near Eastern music with 5 books on the subject. One of the few Muslim Polymaths.

Music and sociology

Farabi wrote books on early Muslim sociology and a notable book on music titled Kitab al-Musiqa (The Book of Music). According to Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Mehdi Aminrazavi: the book of Kitab al-Musiqa is in reality a study of the theory of Persian music of his day although in the West it has been introduced as a book on Arab music. He presents philosophical principles about music, its cosmic qualities and its influences. Al-Farabi’s treatise Meanings of the Intellect dealt with music therapy, where he discussed the therapeutic effects of music on the soul.

He is known to have made modifications and improvements to ‘Oud' a lute instrument and 'Kanun' a zither instrument.

According to Farabi, the oud was invented by Lamech, the sixth grandson of Adam. The legend tells that the grieving Lamech hung the body of his dead son from a tree. The first oud was inspired by the shape of his son’s bleached skeleton.


               

Post card of a traditional Chamber music from Aleppo, at the turn of the 20th. century, complete with Champagne bottles for the pleasure of the highly esteemed musicians. ” The chamber music consists of voices accompanied with a dulcimer [ Kanoon ], a guitar [Tanboor], the Arab fiddle [Kamangi], two small drums [ Nakara], the dervish flute [ Nai], and the diff. These compose no disagreeable concert, when once the ear has been some what accustomed to the music; the instruments generally are well in tune, and the performers , keep excellent time”. DR. ALEX RUSSELL,M.D. THE NATURAL HISTORY OF ALEPPO 1794

                      

page from Al Farabi - Kitab al-Musiqa

from wikipedia

Abū Naṣr al-Fārābi (أبو نصر محمد الفارابي - Abū Naṣr Muḥammad al-Fārābi; for other recorded variants of his name see below) known in the West as Alpharabius (c. 872 – between 14 December 950 and 12 January 951), was a Muslim polymath and one of the greatest scientists and philosophers of the Islamic world in his time. He was also acosmologistlogicianmusicianpsychologist and sociologist. A Twelver Shia Muslim.


watch : 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TX-6fv3kuJs

Qanun Master, Hasmik Leyloyan, demonstrates her mastery on the instrument, while recording the song “Impromtu” at the studio.


read more about Farabi in Dhivehi at:

http://www.fanvai.info/music/55-music/142-2008-12-08-09-10-55.html

Muslim Music Series : Part 2 : Al - Farabi - Music Theoretician

zyryab brought the music to europe..but before that there was Farabi, writing music theory,inventing instruments and modifying existing ones… 

                                      

Learnt about Farabi from the Islamic studies textbook from grade 8or9? his name was on a list of muslim philosophers and brief descriptions on them but the the textbook failed to tell me he who really was. The textbook gave the impression that it was the Muslims who made discoveries in science while Europe was stuck in Dark Ages, while this is true to some extent, Europe was not a dead place during that time, The truth is that it was through this Muslim Scholars that the West got the writings of the early Greek Philosophers, and it was the Greek Philosophers who are the starters of many branches of philosophy. 

Islam Textbooks needs to be overhauled to give accurate, unbiased and unprejudiced information. presently islam textbooks only mentions muslim philosophers and scientists and not artists nor poets or writers and also fails to include women scientists, clerics and philosopers.

back to FarabiHe is the master theoretician on Near Eastern music with 5 books on the subject. One of the few Muslim Polymaths.

Music and sociology

Farabi wrote books on early Muslim sociology and a notable book on music titled Kitab al-Musiqa (The Book of Music). According to Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Mehdi Aminrazavi: the book of Kitab al-Musiqa is in reality a study of the theory of Persian music of his day although in the West it has been introduced as a book on Arab music. He presents philosophical principles about music, its cosmic qualities and its influences. Al-Farabi’s treatise Meanings of the Intellect dealt with music therapy, where he discussed the therapeutic effects of music on the soul.

He is known to have made modifications and improvements to ‘Oud' a lute instrument and 'Kanun' a zither instrument.

According to Farabi, the oud was invented by Lamech, the sixth grandson of Adam. The legend tells that the grieving Lamech hung the body of his dead son from a tree. The first oud was inspired by the shape of his son’s bleached skeleton.


               

Post card of a traditional Chamber music from Aleppo, at the turn of the 20th. century, complete with Champagne bottles for the pleasure of the highly esteemed musicians. ” The chamber music consists of voices accompanied with a dulcimer [ Kanoon ], a guitar [Tanboor], the Arab fiddle [Kamangi], two small drums [ Nakara], the dervish flute [ Nai], and the diff. These compose no disagreeable concert, when once the ear has been some what accustomed to the music; the instruments generally are well in tune, and the performers , keep excellent time”. DR. ALEX RUSSELL,M.D. THE NATURAL HISTORY OF ALEPPO 1794

                      

page from Al Farabi - Kitab al-Musiqa

from wikipedia

Abū Naṣr al-Fārābi (أبو نصر محمد الفارابي - Abū Naṣr Muḥammad al-Fārābi; for other recorded variants of his name see below) known in the West as Alpharabius (c. 872 – between 14 December 950 and 12 January 951), was a Muslim polymath and one of the greatest scientists and philosophers of the Islamic world in his time. He was also acosmologistlogicianmusicianpsychologist and sociologist. A Twelver Shia Muslim.


watch : 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TX-6fv3kuJs

Qanun Master, Hasmik Leyloyan, demonstrates her mastery on the instrument, while recording the song “Impromtu” at the studio.


read more about Farabi in Dhivehi at:

http://www.fanvai.info/music/55-music/142-2008-12-08-09-10-55.html

Posted 4 years ago & Filed under music, muslim, halal, al farabi, 2 notes

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